Historically, the Town has assessed the construction of roads as they were programmed by NCDOT and made decisions based on need. Since municipalities do not receive any direct source of funding for roadway construction and must rely on tax revenue - primarily property tax revenue (or occasionally borrowing through a voter approved bond), it is necessary to be judicious with projects that come directly from Town funding. The Town then leverages need vs funding availability for timing of construction of its projects. Once the Town Board decides to move forward, a project is created and the Town's Engineering Department moves forward with Project Development.
For NCDOT, programming is based on technical information, priorities from metropolitan and rural planning organizations and local governments, and public input. The Board of Transportation programs projects into its Strategic Transportation Investment program (STIP) every two years. The STIP determines a schedule for the upcoming roadway activities based on funding availability and years that the project should be completed.